Spinoza - Philosopher, Mystic, Rosicrucian
by H.C.A. Pass
Through the ages and in the many cultures of the world, even to this very day, humanity has always been gifted with an attribute of the soul which is felt within the heart. It is an attribute which is known and understood within the landscape of the mind. It both touches, and moves the young and the old of all ages, whether rich or poor. It flows through humanity, and can be expressed in many ways. It is like a small flame of light that gives hope to those that it touches, and can be found even in the darkest corners of the world. This attribute is the wish to serve. Its manifestation is expressed through service in action, and in its multitudinous forms of expression it is always simple and truthful, and comes from the heart.
History records service in action in her own way, as do the various cultures of the world. Both archaeologists and scientists unify the past and the future, in the present. The Native Cultures of the world for example, know that their heritage and future depend upon the protection of that which is sacred. Whether Eskimo, the Native American Indian, or the Aborigines of Australia, and the many other Native Nations of the World, they are all aware of the responsibility of protecting the Earth. Their Service in Action is expressed through the teaching of their children. They teach them the basic ideals of human nature within their own family and environment, and their children learn to respect, and work with Nature. They are taught about the earth, the water, the air, and fire, and they know how to use them. They learn about the animals, and the plants and trees. They teach their children Service in Action by example, and the Mother, and the Father pass on their knowledge and their skills on to their children. So the family, group, or tribe learn about responsibility, and they also learn how to survive in an hostile environment. The inner landscape of the mind of the child is nourished by the things that it sees and feels, but the child is also influenced by what it hears. This is why stories and legends are so important to children in any culture. It is in these stories and legends that we learn about people, and about life. The parent or storyteller can pass on information in such a way that all are united in the landscape of the mind, it is the travelling within, and the navigation of this landscape that is so important to the child and adult alike. In fact it is imperative if we have taken on the responsibility of protecting that which is sacred.
In the Occult world, history has recorded the lives of only a few people who were true navigators of the Mind. Many will have heard of the Rosicrucian Robert Fludd, or the mathematician, and navigator Dr. John Dee, Paracelsus, Leibniz, Johannes Kepler, Michael Maier, Hildegard von Bingen, But what about Dr. Heinrich Khunrath (1560-1605), or Nicholas of Cusa (1401-1464), Joachim of Floris (c. 1145-1202). These are little known or have been forgotten. The work of many of the great beacons of fire in a dark world have been lost or forgotten, but does this make their lives and their work of any less value to humanity, or to the people that were close to them when they were alive? These people were not interested in being famous or worried about whether someone would take an interest in their life and work or not, a hundred or even eight hundred years after their transition. Apart from the fact that most people were too involved with just trying to survive in an hostile environment. Whether he or she was a great beacon of fire, or just a small single flame within the silence of the heart does not matter, because we are all united within the landscape of the mind. The Work that is needed is service in action.
Another person of whom little is known, is a man called Simon Studion. To the student of Mysticism and the Occult world he is generally only known as the author of a large manuscript called the "Naometria". The word 'Naometria' is Greek and means 'Temple Measurement(s)' (the art of temple measurement). The purpose of the Curriculum Vitae is to introduce the reader to some of the people of the past who have helped to form the world in which we live in now.
Summary of the Curriculum Vitae
Magister Simon Studion was a Latin teacher, a poet, historian, archaeologist, and apocryphal writer. He is generally only known as the author of the "Naometria" (Temple Measure), a combination of mathematics, laws of nature, plan of the building of the allegorical Temple, and prophecy. Followers of Simon Studion were sometimes called Naometa. The Naometria should be of interest to anyone who has an interest in Rosicrucianism. The first copy of the Naometria was completed in 1596, 10 years after the historical meeting that was held in Lüneburg, Germany on July 27th, 1586. H. Spencer Lewis tells us that, "a great part of the book is devoted to a history of the cross and its real spiritual and mystical significance, to the rose and its symbolical meaning, and to the special significance of the rose and the cross when united." It is believed that it took Simon Studion 4 years to compile this monumental piece of work, which today is in the Württemberg National Library of Stuttgart, and listed under "Cod. Theol. et Philos. 2° 34". The revised manuscript of the Naometria [ Nova ] ( part a & b ) was completed in 1604 and is also in the same Library, and listed under "Cod. Theol. et Philos. 4° 23 a / b", and also took 4 years to compile. According to the writings of H. Spencer Lewis, the Naometria ( [Nova] ) was ..."dedicated to Friedrich, the Duke of Württemberg, who was a Grand Master of the Rosicrucians." It is also known that Simon Studion founded an alliance called the Crucesignati, which translated means "marked by the cross". This was one of many alliances that were founded by him.
Who was Simon Studion ? Born between 6 and 7 o´clock in the morning of the 6th of March, 1543 in Urach, in the South of Germany, Simon Studion was the eldest of four sons of Jakob Studion (Studium) and his wife, of whom not much is written. Simon Studion´s father Jakob was born into a family of farmers from the State of Hessen, who later moved his family to Stuttgart where he became a cook at the court of the Duke of Württemberg, Ludwig Furstenhof. Simon Studion´s mother was from Urach according to research by Walter Hagen (1951). He said "...because of some of Simon´s features in his portrait." Simon´s name sounds like an educated humanist, translated means "Eiferer" (zealot). The family were also known by the name of Hess, (i.e. a person or family from the State of Hessen). Simon Studion grew up in Urach, and was educated in the local Latin school, and it is believed that he may have also attended a convent/boarding school in Maulbronn. He then went to the town of Tübingen, and attended the "Tübinger Stift" which was a charitable institution (Stift) for the further education of gifted young people. The "Stift" was installed to finance the further education of young gifted people from all walks of life to aid the Duke´s Court in theological studies: theology teachers for the training of people for the priesthood, to be the Duke´s governmental clerks, educational school teachers, and was also a teachers training college of further education for the clergy. Simon Studion was a "learned and humble pupil" at the Stift and finished his undergraduate degree in one year instead of the usual 18 months. On August the 1st, 1561, Simon Studion passed his undergraduate boards in dialectic, rhetoric, and fundamentals in geometry. His exam grades were exceptionally high in a class of 11 students and for this reason he was able to study and teach the fine arts and the sciences, and to practice and lecture in these fields. One month later on September the 1st, 1561, Simon Studion got a stipend and became a scholarship recipient in Tübingen. At the University of Tübingen (1561-1565), Simon Studion studied with Professor of Ethics, Magister Samuel Heyland in the subjects of mathematics and ethics. Heyland, was also a renowned mathematician, who taught Michael Maestlin who later taught the astronomer/physicist Johannes Kepler (1571-1630). Heyland also had a very good reputation as an astronomer/astrologer. It was through Samuel Heyland that the young Simon Studion was brought into contact with "Mystical Arithmetic". This is according to the diaries of Nicodemus Frischlin, ( 1547-1590 ) who was born in Erzingen. He became a Humanist and Poet and was also a kommilitone of Simon Studion´s, in 1587. (His brother Jakob Frischlin wrote a "History of the People of Würtemberg"). Nicodemus Frischlin went on to become a professor in Tubingen, as did Professor Erhard Cellius, and the astronomer Michael Maestlin, (1550-1631) who was also a pupil of Heyland´s.
Simon Studion received his school teaching diploma to become a theology teacher as he had wished, but because of a speech impediment he was informed that he would not be allowed to become a minister which up till then he had always regarded as his calling. This acording to Hagen, was a major disapointment, and a great turning point in the life of the young Simon Studion.
On February the 15th in 1565, Simon Studion acquired his Magister degree, in wide and varied fields, and in which he had also taken his time in getting. Simon Studion passed with honors and it was stated "facultas docendi, profitendi, exercendi bonas literas et artes". He then went on to choose a profession in the profane world, as an educational theorist in Stuttgart from 1565-1572. This was at a teachers training college, and graduate school of Latin, which also had the highest reputation in the land of Württemberg at that time. Stuttgart at that time was a haven and a refuge for persecuted groups whether religous, mystical or scientific. Simon Studion was fortunate in that he had access to the head ( Praeceptor ) who, because of the schools reputation, was equal to the state secretary of education of today. Simon Studion took the position of collaborator, which was the lowest teaching position available. He started with a meager salary, but was able to marry and start a family of three children. In 1572, after only a short stay of 7 years in Stuttgart, Studion moved to the small town of Marbach, on the river Neckar, in the South of Germany where he was a teacher in a Latin school. His new position as Praeceptor with a relatively high salary of 62 guilders a year which allowed for a better standard of living for himself and his family. In Marbach his wife was gifted with 2 more children, and two of their sons later followed in the same profession as their father, as teachers.
Simon Studion was an educational school teacher, author of the Naometria, a genealogist and an historian of the House of the Duke of Württemberg ( Furstenhof ). The writings of Simon Studion were written in the very best Latin, and for the wedding of Duke Ludwig of the Furstenhouse of Württemberg in 1575, Studion produced a monumental poem of over 10,000 hexameters or verses in which the Duke´s family history was presented. The completed poem was presented to Ludwig in 1579, because of this work, he was able to rely upon the further support of the Duke. The only work by Studion that was ever published was a poem in Latin which was an elegy upon the death of the reformer Johannes Brenz that was printed in Stuttgart in 1570. Poetry was not the only pasttime which interested Studion. While in Marbach he discovered a stone altar in the wall of an old wine cellar that was situated near the church of Benningen. This was the first of 7 altar stones that were later purchased by Studion for his collection.. He collected quite a number of Roman period archaeological artifacts (1583) which he sent to Stuttgart, and these were placed in Duke Ludwig´s Royal Gardens. ("lustgarten" or pleasure garden, is also an alchemical term for the 'gardens of the initiate' ) It was another 10 years in 1593, before Studion was able to continue with his archaeological work through the support of Duke Friedrich. These first antiquities encouraged the duke to finance further diggings, and the artifacts became the subject of another book by Simon Studion, called "A Treatise on Roman Relics". two versions of which are also in the Württemberg National Library of Stuttgart, and listed as ("A") Cod. hist. 2°57, and dated 1st of September 1597 and ("B") Cod. hist. 2°137, and dated 21st of December 1597. One of the stone altars that were acquired by Studion that was found in 1579 near Benningen a.N., (on the river Neckar) had been set up and dedicated to 'Vulcan' by the people living on the 'Murr' (Vicani Murrenses) at about the year 180 A.D. In the Naometria [Nova], Studion wrote in his poem of the Stone, (roughly translated from the German) ...."covered by ancient earth, and awakened by a plow, and by Friedrich to a new and polished, shining and eternal witness, I shall be......etc. The Latin text was translated by Philipp Montanus in 1731. Studion is regarded by some of his fellow archaeologists of today as one of the founders of Roman historical research in Germany: archaeology & the collecting of Roman stone tablets, and altar stones etc., which he was most well known for. A chapter about Simon Studion was written by Walter Hagen, a priest in Marbach. (see "Schwabische Lebensbilder", volume 6, Stuttgart 1957. It was also Hagen who wrote about Studion in reference to the Naometria that Studion authored, so we have a lot to thank him for). The main reason, behind his efforts in the collecting of this historical information, was that he wanted to prove that the people of the area had always lived there, and had not "arrived" from somewhere else. Another reason was that the eccentric Simon Studion had been working on a secret manuscript since 1592, which became the Naometria. This , according to H. Spencer Lewis, resulted after a convention that was called in Hanover, where a "silent" Grand Lodge of the Rosicrucians was located for that part of the country. I believe that the opening session was held on July 27th, 1586 in Lüneburg, (The small town of Lüneburg is about an hours drive south of Hamburg). Simon Studion himself made the opening speech, and spoke about the history of the original Militia that was formed in Palestine soon after the founding of the first Christian churches; he then introduced the high representatives from many lands and the legates from the many thrones which gave support to the movement. Lewis also tells us that ..."The records show that the convention and its plan was sponsored particularly and specifically by Henry IV, of Navarra, (King of France), who received the "arms" of the ancient Militia through the direct authority from the Militia in Palestine, Queen Elizabeth I of England, and the King of Denmark, as well as the nobility of other lands."... It was rumored that the Naometria was a book, that was against the Pope; and because of this the suspected antagonist Studion was summoned to appear in court in Stuttgart. Studion had to justify the manuscript, but as Duke Ludwig did not find anything distasteful in the manuscript, no serious consequences came of the court´s ruling.
According to Simon Studion´s calculations and because of his noetic experiences, he felt that he was a messenger of God. Today, we would regard him as fulfilling a specific mission within the tradition. The greatest influence upon the life of Simon Studion appears to have been from the work and life of the Italian mystic, and theologian, Joachim of Floris, (c. 1145-1202 ) and it is believed that this was imparted upon the young Simon Studion by Prof. Samuel Heyland.
On December the 14th 1591 Simon Studion wrote a letter from Marbach-a.N. (= Marbach on the river Neckar) to the astronomer and mathematician Michael Maestlin (1550-1631) in Tübingen. As it has been stated that the Naometria was not written in Studion´s own handwriting, it would be interesting to have a copy of the above letter, if only to find out if this is true. It is also in the Wurtemburg National Library of Stuttgart; and listed as Signature: Cod. math. 4°14b, Bl. 59a-60b. The first sentence after greetings, is written: Ioachimus Abbas Florensis, Vir clarissime, et amice optime, ante trecentos annos uaticinia alquot de futuro rerum pontificiarum statu pie concinnauit".
When Duke Ludwig died in 1593, Simon Studion was very hopeful for an even greater interest in the "Naometria" by Ludwig´s successor Duke Frederick I. of Württemberg (his term of office as Duke was from 1593-1608). Frederick was brought up and had lived in *Mompelgard with a strong French influence, which created a dawning of an awareness of an age of much change. Duke Frederick was well known for his interest in alchemy and other occult arts, consequently Simon Studion submitted his work to the duke upon completion of the Naometria in 1596. The subtitle promised the reader an "introduction to the holy secrets" and listed his name (translated from the Greek could mean signs and stages) under the sign of Scorpio (produced in difficult times). Using serious calculations, Simon Studion wanted to prophesize all of the important events of the future until the end of the world (or perhaps the end of a cycle?). A feeling of great excitement, and change on the horizon was felt, and was indeed very prevalent in Europe at that time, and especially regarding the awakening within the landscape of the mind.
Simon Studion returned to more mundane, worldly things when Duke Friedrich commissioned him with the writing of the "History of Württemberg", which because of Studions previous research was completed in one year in 1597. It has been stated that he also placed a revised copy of the Naometria in the back of this book.
Court Philip Ludwig of Neuburg had the intention to have the Naometria printed and made available to a wider readership, and this was the main motivation for Simon Studion to revise the Naometria thoroughly and include an index. A process which also took four years to complete and resulted in an easier to read index and layout. Nevertheless, the calculations increased considerably, so that the Naometria 'Nova' became an enormous work of some 1790 pages (HSL writes, 1995 pages). In the Naometria 'Nova', he presented the calculations: of the universe, secrets of nature, and prophecies from the beginning to the end of the world.
In the beginning of the month of October 1604 the people of Europe witnessed the appearance of a 'Super Nova' in the night and early morning sky (just above the moon?), which lasted until well into the new year of 1605. This was the cause of both fear and amazement amongst the lay and learned alike. After people like Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) [new star of 1573], the time of science, and astronomy continued, and a time of another generation of people like Johannes Kepler, Michael Maestlin, Thomas Diggers, J.J. Heinlin, W. Schickard, John Dee, Heinrich Khunrath, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, and many more continued to move through Europe. Marie Boas, in her book, "The Scientific Renaissance 1450-1630" does this subject, and many others, considerable justice, and is highly recommended. 1604 was also the birth of a new Rosicrucian cycle in Germany, and the "allegorical" mystery of C. R-C. (= A Christian of the Rose Cross), and the "allegorical" opening of the "tomb". This is presented very simply and clearly by H. Spencer Lewis, in some of his articles that were published in the "American Rosae Crucis" of 1916.
Personally, I think that the letters C. R-C. are an abbreviation of the French words meaning a "Chevalier of the Red Cross".
Because of Simon Studion´s two comments in the Naometria [Nova] regarding the Pope of the time he was demoted and sent to the town of Maulbronn in 1605 as a punishment. It is believed that he was let off so lightly, due to his previous achievements. But Studion is believed to have not outlived his punishment / transference and that he died shortly after in 1605. The actual place and date of his death is not known at this time, and still has to be researched.